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Resource Centre > Glossary > Civil justice

Civil justice concerns a wide variety of issues: including tort and contractual claims, personal injury, medical (clinical) negligence, consumer law, employment law, housing, neighbourhood issues, divorce and relationship breakdown, children, discrimination, welfare benefits, homelessness, domestic violence, immigration and mental health issues. These can be resolved through courts, but a majority of civil disputes are resolved using mechanisms of ADR. Both civil procedure in courts and ADR mechanisms are being reformed – both on the EU level and on the Member State level.