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Resource Centre > Key Players (24 entries)

Explaining the roles and responsibilities of the key players in European and global civil justice: key institutions of the European Union, European civic society organisation (such as Business Europe or BEUC), the UN, and more...
  • The Council of Ministers (Council of the European Union) is the main decision-making body in the EU. The decision-making power is increasingly shared with the European Parliament (following the introduction of ...
  • The Commission of the European Communities is the executive body of the European Communities, with the following key powers: initiating legislation, monitoring its implementation (also by delegation from the Council of ...
  • DG Health and Consumer Protection is responsible for consumer protection, food and feed safety, and public health issues. The DG has recently become involved in the issues of collective redress. See ...
  • DG Competition is responsible for competition law and policy, which are regulated by Articles 81, 82 (substantive law – cartels and abuse of dominant position), 82 – 86 of EC Treaty. ...
  • DG Enterprise is responsible for the running of the single market. It is the major contributor to the implementation of the Lisbon strategy for growth and jobs. Its task is to ...
  • The DG Environment ’s role is to protect, preserve and improve the environment. The four priorities of the DG for the years 2002 to 2012 are climate change; ...
  • DG Internal Market and Services is responsible for coordinating the Single Market policy and to remove barriers to trade – barriers to free movement of services, capital, and freedom of establishment. ...
  • The youngest and smallest of all Commission’s DGs, DG Justice is responsible for coordinating the policy of freedom of movement of persons. See Judicial cooperation in civil and commercial matters for ...
  • The European Parliament is the directly elected representative body which through the consultation, cooperation and co-decision procedures takes part in decision-making and legislation. Its other roles involve overseeing the work of ...
  • The European Court of Justice is the key judicial body of the EU, with the power to interpret EU law and to declare validity or invalidity of acts of EU institutions. ...
  • The European Court of First Instance is the lower level judicial body of the EU, consisting of 27 judges. It deals with direct actions by legal or natural persons against EU ...
  • The European Economic and Social Committee was set up in 1957, to involve economic and social interest groups in the establishment of the common market and to brief other bodies (in ...
  • European consumer association with the head office in Brussels. Its members are consumer associations from all the Member States, and also candidate countries. BEUC is actively involved in advocacy ...
  • Association of European business organisations - In 2008 there have been 40 members from 34 countries, including the European Union countries, the European Economic Area countries, and some central end Eastern ...
  • Organisation representing retail, wholesale and international trade sectors in Europe. Its membership includes commerce federations in 31 countries, European and national associations representing specific commerce sectors and individual companies. Click here ...
  • French consumer association, operational since 1951. Click here for the link to the association's website.
  • The U.S. Chamber of Commerce isa business federation representing 3 million businesses of all sizes, sectors, and regions, as well as state and local chambers and industry associations. More than 96% ...
  • One of the largest and oldest Consumers Association in Europe. It is based in the UK and deals with lobbying, informational campaigns, and provides consumer advisory services. Click here for a ...
  • Formerly International Marketing Supervision Network. Established in 1992, the International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network is a membership organisation consisting of trade practices law enforcement authorities of 38 countries, most ...
  • The Council of Europe is an International organisation with 47 member countries , 1 applicant country (Belarus), and 5 observer countries (including USA and Canada). Established in 1949. It ...
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development : International organisation consisting of 30 countries, established in 1960 in Paris ( Convention ). It aims at achieving economic growth and development, facilitating trade ...
  • Consumers International is a world-wide consumer organisation, the members of which are independent consumer associations (ranging from long-established and large organisations such as the Consumers Union in the US to smaller ...
  • The UN is involved in issues to access to justice and civil justice through the following initiatives: through the work of the UN Economic Commission for ...
  • The Hague Conference on Private International Law is “a melting pot of different legal traditions, it develops and services multilateral legal instruments, which respond to global needs.” It has 68 member ...