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Resource Centre > National collective redress models > UK model

Group Litigation Order is a case management mechanism, not a collective/class action per se. It was established by judicial practice in 1990s and later codified by the Civil Procedure Rules 1998 (CPR 19.III).

The procedure involves managment by the same judge of a number of claims that 'give rise to common or related issues of fact or law' (CPR 19.11(2)(a)). The requirements for the GLOs are very brief, and deliverately so. It is a mechanism which is to be used by judges to enhance efficiency - so the manner in which the case will proceed is decided by the judge specifically for this case.

For further details concerning the operation of the GLOs in practice, see:

C. Hodges "Multi-Party Actions", 2001

C. Hodges "The Reform of Class and Representative Actions in European Legal Systems", 2009.

See also the Stanford Law School Global Class Actions Exchange for a much more comprehensive analysis of the UK model.