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Compensation for losses or damages, or by means of an injunction.
This technique refers to the concept of an intervention through a public authority.
A type of collective action where a representative is one of the claimants, or a representative organization/body (such as an Ombudsman, or a consumer association). In the latter case, (which is the model proposed by the Commission's proposed Directive for Representative Actions based on the Injunctions Directive), the representative body takes action in the name of the group members who themselves are not claimants, but only beneficiaries.