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Small claims are typically consumer claims. While most European states have specific procedures for dealing with them (as cheaper and quicker alternatives to ordinary court procedures), they differ widely across the EU.
In recognition of these differences, the EU has introduced a harmonised European Small Claims Procedure. It is a streamlined system, for bringing consumers disputes to court where the trader is in a different EU country.
Commenced working in 2002, operated by EU Member States and coordinated by the Commission. Solvit is an alternative dispute resolution mechanism for those willing to use the Internal Market (for instance move to another Member State and establish a business there), if they encountered a problem with issues such as recognition of professional qualifications, residence permits, social security, employment rights, market access for products or services, etc.